Kamala Harris Targets State Abortion Bans, Wants Pre-Clearance to Change Laws - NBC Southern California
Decision 2020

Decision 2020

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Kamala Harris Targets State Abortion Bans, Wants Pre-Clearance to Change Laws

A pre-clearance requirement would face steep hurdles. The Supreme Court struck down a similar provision of the Voting Rights Act in 2013

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    NEWSLETTERS

    Kamala Harris Targets State Abortion Bans, Wants Pre-Clearance to Change Laws
    AP
    In this Sunday May 19, 2019 photo Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., talks during her first campaign organizing event at Los Angeles Southwest College in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel)

    Democratic presidential candidate Kamala Harris said Tuesday that if she won the White House, she would require states seeking to restrict abortion laws to first obtain federal approval.

    The senator from California said she would back legislation requiring states with a history of restricting abortion rights to receive clearance from the Justice Department to change abortion laws.

    The move comes as the issue of abortion moves to the forefront of the presidential campaign. Harris is among the Democratic presidential candidates who have been sharply critical of a new spate of abortion laws that have cleared state legislatures and sharply curb abortion access. Supporters of such measures have openly predicted that the laws could spark court fights that will eventually lead the Supreme Court to revisit the landmark Roe vs. Wade decision.

    Harris has specifically spoken out against anti-abortion bills that were passed in Georgia, Alabama, Ohio and Missouri.

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    "Women's ability to have access to reproductive health is under attack in America," Harris said later Tuesday during a town hall televised on MSNBC. "Are we going to go back to the days of back-alley abortions? Women died before we had Roe v. Wade in place."

    Her approach could face steep legal hurdles. The preclearance requirement resembles a provision of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that prohibited a number of states, largely in the South, from changing voting laws without seeking approval from the federal government.

    But in 2013, the Supreme Court effectively struck down the core of the Voting Rights Act and ruled that the formula that determined which states needed to seek federal approval before changing their voting procedures was unconstitutional.

    In his majority opinion, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote that Congress was free to try to impose federal oversight on states where voting rights were at risk but must do so based on updated data.