Easing winds gave California firefighters a break Tuesday as they battled a destructive wildfire that was driven by strong winds through wine country north of San Francisco and another rural blaze that killed three people.
Breezes replaced the powerful gusts that sent the Glass Fire raging through Napa and Sonoma counties Sunday and Monday, scorching more than 56 square miles.
More than 110 buildings have burned, including homes and winery installations.
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The fire in wine country pushed through brush that had not burned for a century, even though surrounding areas were incinerated in a series of blazes in recent years.
As the winds eased Monday evening, firefighters were feeling “much more confident," said Ben Nicholls, a division chief with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, known as Cal Fire.
“We don’t have those critical burning conditions that we were experiencing those last two nights,” he said.
The Glass Fire in wine country is one of nearly 30 wildfires burning around California. The National Weather Service warned that hot, dry conditions with strong Santa Ana winds could continue posing a fire danger in Southern California through Tuesday afternoon.
In a forested far northern part of the state, more than 1,200 people were evacuated in Shasta County for the Zogg Fire.
Three people have died in the fire, Shasta County Sheriff Eric Magrini said Monday. He gave no details but urged people who receive evacuation orders: “Do not wait."
Numerous studies in recent years have linked bigger wildfires in America to climate change from the burning of coal, oil and gas. Scientists say climate change has made California much drier, meaning trees and other plants are more flammable.
PHOTOS: Napa, Sonoma County Residents Wake Up to Fires
Residences are widely scattered in Shasta County, which was torched just two years ago by the deadly Carr Fire — infamously remembered for producing a huge tornado-like fire whirl.
The Pacific Gas & Electric utility had cut power to more than 100,000 customers in advance of gusty winds and in areas with active fire zones. The utility’s equipment has caused previous disasters, including the 2018 Camp Fire that killed 85 people and devastated the town of Paradise in the Sierra Nevada foothills.
By Monday night, the utility said it had restored electricity to essentially all of those customers. However, PG&E said about 24,000 people remained without power in areas affected by two fires in Napa, Sonoma, Shasta and Tehama counties.
So far in this year’s historic fire season, more than 8,100 California wildfires have killed 29 people, scorched 5,780 square miles and destroyed more than 7,000 buildings.
The Glass Fire began Sunday as three fires merged and drove into vineyards and mountain areas, including part of the city of Santa Rosa. About 70,000 people were under evacuation orders, including the entire 5,000-plus population of Calistoga in Napa County.
Some people were injured and Sonoma County sheriff's deputies had to rescue people who ignored evacuation orders, officials said.
Sonoma County Supervisor Susan Gorin, who lives in Santa Rosa, said she was stuck in two hours of heavy traffic Monday night to reach safety.
Gorin's home was damaged in another fire three years ago and she was rebuilding it. She saw three neighboring houses in flames as she fled.
“We’re experienced with that,” she said of the fires. “Once you lose a house and represent thousands of folks who’ve lost homes, you become pretty fatalistic that this is a new way of life and, depressingly, a normal way of life, the megafires that are spreading throughout the West.”
Gorin said it appeared the fire in her area was sparked by embers from the Glass Fire.
Ed Yarbrough, a wildfire evacuee from St. Helena in Napa County, watched firefighters douse flames across from his house Monday.
“I can see in the distance that it looks like it’s intact,” he said but said spot fires were still being doused.
“So I know we’re not really out of the woods yet, and the woods can burn,” he said.
In Calistoga, a well-known castle winery, Castello di Amarosa, suffered significant damage.
"It’s sad. I’ll live with it but it’s sad," owner Dario Sattui told NBC Bay Area. "It’s a real shame. It’s going to cost millions to replace.”
The winery also lost a significant amount of inventory after flames tore through a building housing its bottled wine.
The fires came as the region approaches the anniversary of the 2017 fires, including one that killed 22 people. Just a month ago, many of those same residents were evacuated from the path of a lightning-sparked fire that became the fourth-largest in state history.
“Our firefighters have not had much of a break, and these residents have not had much of a break,” said Daniel Berlant, an assistant deputy director with Cal Fire.
Officials did not have an estimate of the number of homes destroyed or burned, but the blaze engulfed the Chateau Boswell Winery in St. Helena and at least one five-star resort.
Dominic Wiggens of Santa Rosa evacuated but returned later Monday. His home in the Skyhawk neighborhood was still standing, but many others were gone. “It’s so sad," he said.
Kim Keller, who lives in the same neighborhood, escaped with "very little." Keller told NBC Bay Area, “We got like nothing. My son has no clothes.”
This is the third time in the last four years that Mike Ervin and his wife have had to evacuate their home in Santa Rosa, a tradition Ervin said they're tired of repeating again and again.
For many residents who live in pockets of Santa Rosa that were spared in the 2017 Tubbs Fire and the 2019 Kincade Fire, the last 24 hours feels like “reliving trauma.”
“You’re frightened, you’re really scared, you know you’ve got anxiety, PTSD,” said Virginia Sutherland.
Associated Press reporters Christopher Weber and John Antczak in Los Angeles, Juliet Williams in San Francisco and Haven Daley in Santa Rosa, California, contributed to this report.