California's 1,300 charter schools will soon face stricter transparency requirements under legislation pushed by Gov. Gavin Newsom.
State lawmakers sent Newsom, a Democrat, the bill Thursday, on the sixth day of a teachers strike in Oakland, the second major teachers strike for California this year.
California law has until now been unclear on whether charter schools must hold public meetings, respond to public records requests and adopt conflict-of-interest policies. Teachers unions have demanded more transparency and argued charter schools drain money that should go to traditional public schools.
"More transparency and higher ethical standards for charters is certainly needed, but the charter schools transparency bill doesn't go far enough," said Ismael Armendariz, 1st vice president of the Oakland Education Association, in a statement.
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Charter schools groups are split on the measure. The California Charter Schools Association doesn't have a formal position, while the Charter School Development Center said the bill sets onerous restrictions designed to "cripple" the state's charter schools.
California passed its charter school law in 1992, calling public charter schools a way to increase student opportunity, promote innovative teaching methods and provide "vigorous competition" for public schools. Beyond California, a debate has raged nationally over whether charter schools enhance student opportunities or diminish the overall quality of public schools.
Beyond holding open meetings, the bill would require charter schools to adopt conflict-of-interest policies aimed at preventing board members from profiting. It says teachers can still serve on charter school boards, as many do, but may not vote on anything that would directly affect their employment.
Carlos Marquez, senior vice president of the California Charter Schools Association, told The Sacramento Bee that many charter schools already open their meetings and that he hoped the law would end "falsehoods" that people who run charters are "looking to line their pockets."
He praised Newsom for finding compromise.
But the Charter School Development Center, another charter lobbying group, said the bill sets onerous restrictions that in some cases go beyond what's required of public schools. The conflict of interest requirements, in particular, may be difficult for charter schools to navigate, the group said on its website. A representative from the group did not immediately respond to a phone message seeking comment.
Whether or not charter schools are subject the same transparency laws as public schools is a yearslong debate. Attorney General Xavier Becerra issued an opinion saying they were in December -- seven years after Lassen County's district attorney requested a ruling on the matter. Robert Burns, a former district attorney, didn't immediately respond to a phone message seeking comment about what prompted the question.
Newsom's spokesman, Nathan Click, said the governor plans to sign the law. Similar efforts in the past died in the Legislature or were vetoed by former Gov. Jerry Brown.
"The governor took a leadership role in helping get this bill to the finish line," Click said in an email. "He is pleased that this effort has received support from a broad coalition of teachers, parents, charter school supporters and open government advocates."
Democratic State Sen. Connie Leyva, the bill's author, said it will provide communities and parents "fair and open access to participate in the decisions and collective missions of their charter schools."