Russian warplanes were taking off Wednesday from their base in Syria's coastal province of Latakia, which was bustling with activity as Moscow pressed its air blitz days before scheduled peace talks.
A pair of Su-25 jets flew past, returning from a mission shortly after sunrise, and air force crews readied combat jets for more missions. Two heavy transport plans were parked near the main terminal as soldiers toting assault rifles stood guard.
Since Russia launched its air campaign in Syria on Sept. 30, its warplanes have flown nearly 6,000 missions. The number is impressive for a compact force comprising just a few dozen warplanes.
The Russian military brought a group of Moscow-based reporters to the base on Wednesday to see the operations. Defense Ministry spokesman Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov said Tuesday that over the previous four days Russian warplanes had flown 157 sorties striking 579 targets in six Syrian regions.
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The Russian military has said it was targeting the Islamic State group and other extremists and has angrily dismissed Western accusations of hitting moderate rebels fighting Syrian President Bashar Assad. Moscow also has rejected claims that its aircraft have hit civilians, saying they only target military facilities away from populated areas.
The Syrian government and the opposition are set to sit down for talks in Geneva, scheduled for Monday. The negotiations are meant to pave the way for a political settlement with a new constitution and elections in a year and a half, but hopes for their success are dim.
International negotiators, including the United States and its allies and Assad's backers, Russia and Iran, have failed to reach common ground on which of the myriad Syrian militant groups should be considered extremists and fair game for strikes and which should be part of political talks.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry were meeting in Switzerland on Wednesday to try to resolve the differences over who is eligible to join the U.N.-mediated peace talks.
Meanwhile, the relentless Russian air campaign has helped the Syrian army recover and regroup after a series of failures last year and score significant battlefield gains in recent weeks.
Some believe that a string of military successes would likely encourage Assad's government to take a tough stance in the talks.
The Syrian conflict, which began in early 2011 with protests against Assad's rule, has turned into an all-out war that has killed a quarter of a million people and displaced millions in nearly five years of fighting.
The most visible difference at the Hemeimeem base since The Associated Press first visited in October is the presence of state-of-the-art air defense weapons. Towering launch tubes and massive radar arrays of the long-range S-400 air defense missiles could be seen at the edge of the base.
Russia deployed the powerful weapons, capable of hitting targets 400 kilometers (240 miles) away, after Turkey shot down a Russian warplane along the Syrian border on Nov. 24.
Turkey said it downed the jet after it violated its airspace for a few seconds, while Russia insisted its plane had stayed within Syrian airspace. The incident was the first time in more than half a century that a NATO nation had shot down a Russian plane.
President Vladimir Putin denounced the Turkish action as a "stab in the back."
The Russian military quickly sent the S-400s to the base and warned that it would fend off any threat to its aircraft.
Russia also punished Turkey by imposing an array of economic sanctions, including a ban on the sale of package tours.
Relations have remained tense, and Putin in December warned Turkey against ever violating Syrian airspace.
With the S-400s deployed at the Russian base, just about 50 kilometers (30 miles) south of the Syrian border, much of Turkey's territory is within their range.
To augment the air defenses, Russia has kept a navy ship carrying long-range air defense missiles off the Syrian shore. And Russian fighter jets have begun escorting strike jets on their combat missions to fend off any air threat.